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Hello~! Everybody.

Here is Unhyo, second history teller of contents team.

What's the topic about history of Korea?

 

   

Guess what though looking at the below picture.

   

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A person riding horse is Yangban, person standing beside is Nobi and person bowing is Yangmin.

At Joseon Dynasty, when yangmin meet yangban, he always bows like this.

Nobi assists yangban as standing beside closely.

  

 

  

Then, here is wondering two things!

What means Yangban, Yangmin and Nobi?

   

 

 

When we watch historical drama and read history book handling Joseon Dynasty,

we can find the words of caste system easily.

Therefore, caste system is closely related to history, culture and living of Korea.

  

  

Today, we will talk about CASTE SYSTEM that preserved axis of Joseon Dynasty.

Now, let’s study what means Yangban, Yangmin, Nobi? let’s go!!

    

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You probably don't understand what it is by looking at the brain structure.

This is Yangban's brain!

 

Yangban means both military nobility(called Mooban) and civil functionaries(called Moonban).

That is, Yangban is people who are current government officials.

   

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The left is Moonban and right is Mooban.

 

 

Once becoming government official, they want to maintain their wealth and fame.

So, not only former-present government officials but if someone who is in 4 generation with officials,

they are all called Yangban.

That is, if my grandfather was in government service, my children can be Yanban.

Then since middle of Joseon Dynasty, Yangban have meant hierarchy which can be government official.

 

If so, What do Yangbans do usually?

 

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It's already makes me boring!

Full enough with reading and studying.

   

 

All of them were looking forward to taking a civil service examination!

I think that civil service examination is really hard to get through. =(

 

 

 

Well, how can they live without working?

Land was given to government official.

Through this, Yangban entrust tenants or Nobi with a farming and squeezed proceeds from their tenant.

So they can be well-off!

 

Like this, Yangban often studied for civil service examination and did archery,

writing a poem and did many pleasant things for their leisure activity.

 

   

 

Yeah! The next hierarchy is...!

Who's brain structure it is?

 

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Guess what?

 

Yes! This is Yangmin's!

 

 

Yangmin is the hierarchy that occupies the largest number of people in Joseon Dynasty.

Most of Yangmin did farm but there was others who did manual industry and commerce.

Unlike Yangban, they have to pay taxes and go to army.

    

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Then aren't there any methods that Yangmin could become Yangban?

 

 

If Yangmin pass the civil service examination, they can become government officials.  

However, it is nearly impossible to pass the exam because they are busy to pay for rent.

    

 

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It is daily timetable of Yangmin.

 

Oh wow..... Farming, farming and farming.

Without snack, they can't endure that hard work.

    

 

Unlike other hierarchy, Yangmin had other works per month according to their farming.

   

 

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Oh, they are busy as a bee!

 

 

Joongin, as you know the chinese character ,

It is middle of hierarchy between Yangban and Yangmin.

Although Yangban scorn them,

they can exercise their rights because they often took up technical post or administrative business.

 

 

Joongin : It consists of Seo-al(children begotten by a concubine), Yeok-kwan(ambassador to foreign institution), Eui-kwan(doctor or nurse), Hyang-lee(they assist leader as local powers).

  

  

They were eager for ascent for status because their social position was so low compared to their wealth.

  

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Maybe they thought to themselves like this!

    

 

 

And let's go the next hierarchy!

What hierarchy it is?

  

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Oh~ there's many hint!

 

Yes! this is Cheonmin.

 

Generally Nobis are defined as Cheonmin.

But additionally Baek-jeong(butcher), Kwang-dae(acrobats),

Moo-dang(shaman), Ki-saeng(Korean geisha) are same as Cheonmin. 

And even Nobi was handled as property.

   

 

Then let's see Nobi's timetable!

 

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Maybe it's really busy to work and attend their owners.

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By the way if caste system stay out longer, most of the lower classes just won't let it go.

Although many riots surrendering corrupt officials were exist, In 1894 the biggest movement, Donghak peasantry movement, was happened and their slogan 'Equality' went over with government.

So the caste system was completely abolished in the Gabo Reform of 1894.

    

 

 

 

 

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Then, Let's find the words indicating caste system in historical drama!

This is kind of review~

 

 

Question No.1

      

 

According to her mother's will, Pyeongmin Jang-geum enter Sooratgan(royal kitchen) for a court lady. At the royal kitchen, Jang-geum want to become the best court lady but she was entrapped by jealous mates. So Jang-geum barely escaped death and fell so low as to become a Nobi. She became Eui-nye(doctor, nurse) to enter palace again and eventually she take charge of King's doctor.

 

 

Did you find caste in this passage?

 

 

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Please scroll down the page!

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is Three!!

 

  

 

According to her mother's will, Pyeongmin Jang-geum enter Sooratgan(royal kitchen) for a court lady. At the royal kitchen, Jang-geum want to become the best court lady but she was entrapped by jealous mates. So Jang-geum barely escaped death and fell so low as to become a Nobi. She became Eui-nye(doctor, nurse) to enter palace again and eventually she take charge of King's doctor.

 

Pyeongmin means Yangmin, Nobi means Cheonmin, and Eui-nye indicates Joongin!

 

 

 

 

Then shall we go next?

 

 

 

Question No.2

 

   

Dae-gil who born in Yangban family conceived love for nobi who names Un-nyeun. Unfortunately, his father got to know it and attempted to kill her. But Un-nyeun's brother 'Keun-nom' knows it and he set fire to Dae-gil's house and kill his father. He lost his family and became a nobi overnight. And he follow up Keun-nom who exercise power of Yangmin through the stolen money of Dae-gil's house.

 

Indeed, how many answers are there?

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 answers are there!

 

     

 

Dae-gil who born in Yangban family conceived love for nobi who names Un-nyeun. Unfortunately, his father got to know it and attempted to kill her. But Un-nyeun's brother 'Keun-nom' knows it and he set fire to Dae-gil's house and kill his father. He lost his family and became a nobi overnight. And he follow up Keun-nom who exercise power of Yangmin through the stolen money of Dae-gil's house.

  

 

 

 

 

  

This is the end of quiz and our posting!!

 

 

 

Do you know about caste system well enough?     

Now when you see drama or historic books, I hope you can show off your knowledge about caste system!

 

  

  

Bye-bye!

 

We will comeback with more interesting history!

 

 

 

 

 

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